At any point in your body where two bones come together to form a joint, they are held together by capsular ligaments that keep the bones in alignment. When these ligaments become irritated and inflamed, it can cause a condition called capsulitis, a problem that frequently affects the second toe, creating pain and discomfort in the ball of your foot.
Capsulitis can easily be confused with Morton’s neuroma and metatarsalgia, so see your foot specialist for the correct diagnosis. The swelling and pain caused in the ball of the foot by any of these conditions can make it difficult to wear shoes or even to walk.
Capsulitis, as well as the other ball-of-foot abnormalities, often affect individuals who have flat feet, bunions, arthritis, and tight calf muscles. If your second toe is longer than your big toe, you may also be more prone to developing capsulitis.
If capsulitis is allowed to worsen, it can actually progress to a complete dislocation of the toe joint, possibly requiring surgery to repair. In the initial stages, capsulitis can be treated by resting the foot and treating inflammation and pain using ibuprofen or other medications. Icing, taping, and stretching the calf muscles can also help relieve pain. Custom fitted orthotic inserts will help to redistribute pressure and rest the inflamed joint.
Pain in the ball of the foot can be caused by a variety of conditions, so see your podiatrist for the correct diagnosis and treatment. At Family Foot & Ankle Clinic, Dr. Stephen Markantone treats a wide variety of foot and ankle conditions including sports injuries, diabetic foot issues, pediatric foot conditions, toe and foot deformities, fungal infections, and heel problems. Equipped with the most advanced technologies and a dedicated staff, Family Foot & Ankle Clinic provides individualized and high-quality care for patients in the North Versailles and Delmont, PA areas. Contact our North Versailles office at 412-824-9370 or our Delmont office at 724-733-3338 to schedule an appointment.