Ankle sprains and strains are very common and they often happen unexpectedly. You don’t have to be playing tennis or basketball to experience this type of trauma to your ankle — it can happen from just awkwardly stepping on the curb while crossing the street. A sprain happens when the ankle rolls outwards while the foot is firmly planted on the ground thereby causing extreme strain to the ligaments and tendons that support the ankle joint.
Treatments for ankle sprains include the following:
- Rest, Icing, Compression, and Elevation (RICE) – After removing weight from the foot, taping and bracing can be utilized to reduce movement. Application of ice and taking ibuprofen will reduce inflammation and pain. A compression bandage helps prevent bruising and raising your foot above your heart level promotes fluid draining and inflammation abatement.
- Immobilization and weight distribution – Wear a rigid boot or walk with the help of crutches to immobilize the joint and reduce the weight and pressure on the foot during recovery.
- Strengthening and flexibility exercises – After the initial recovery period is complete, it is very important to slowly strengthen and improve flexibility in the ankle joint. Always start slowly, being sure not to cause a re-injury by being too aggressive.
- Surgical repair – In the case of extreme injuries, reconstructive surgery to repair any damaged ligaments and structures may be necessary. Arthroscopic surgery is also available to remove loose pieces of bone and other debris in the joint.
Always have severe ankle sprains treated with the help of your foot doctor because improper treatment can lead to incomplete healing, leaving the ankle more susceptible to injury in the future. At Family Foot & Ankle Clinic, Dr. Stephen Markantone treats a wide variety of foot and ankle conditions including sports injuries, diabetic foot issues, pediatric foot conditions, toe and foot deformities, fungal infections, and heel problems. Equipped with the most advanced technologies and a dedicated staff, Family Foot & Ankle Clinic provides individualized and high- quality care for patients in the North Versailles and Delmont, PA areas. Contact our North Versailles office at 412-824-9370 or our Delmont office at 724-733-3338 to schedule an appointment.