While the initial bending of the big toe that occurs with bunions may have a genetic component causing a tendon imbalance, foot mechanics and shoe choice also have a huge exacerbating effect on the formation of toe deformities. Having untreated flat feet makes you more susceptible to developing bunions, so be sure to see your podiatrist regularly to help avoid future complications.
Some treatments for bunions that can help avoid future pain include the following:
- Braces and orthotics—Special made bunion braces can be worn while you are asleep to pull the big toe into alignment. Orthotic shoe inserts can also help realign the toe and prevent friction.
- Padding—Felt pads can insulate the bunion from rubbing and help to redistribute pressure and relieve pain.
- Wear the right shoes—Wear shoes with a wide toe box to give your toes room to move without the bunion bump rubbing on the inside of your footwear. Wearing high-heeled shoes or other constricting footwear should be avoided.
- Physical therapy exercises—Regularly perform toe exercises to increase strength and flexibility.
For bunions that have progressed beyond the point where conservative measures can be effective—such as when your toes are over or underlapping each other—then surgery will be required to straighten the toes. The bunion bump can also be decreased with a special debriding tool.
For help treating your bunions see your foot doctor to minimize complications. At Family Foot & Ankle Clinic, Dr. Stephen Markantone treats a wide variety of foot and ankle conditions including sports injuries, diabetic foot issues, pediatric foot conditions, toe and foot deformities, fungal infections, and heel problems. Equipped with the most advanced technologies and a dedicated staff, Family Foot & Ankle Clinic provides individualized and high quality care for patients in the North Versailles and Delmont, PA areas. Contact our North Versailles office at 412-824-9370 or our Delmont office at 724-733-3338 to schedule an appointment.